IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) is a form of assisted reproduction in which a man’s sperm and a woman’s egg are mixed in a laboratory dish and fertilized. The resulting embryo or embryos are then implanted and developed naturally in the woman’s uterus (womb). In most cases, two or four embryos are implanted in the uterus at the same time. Each attempt is referred to as a cycle.
Nowadays Bloom IVF which is one of the best IVF centres in Mumbai is using single embryo transfer to reduce the risk of multiple pregnancy. Surprisingly, the success rate they have achieved is higher & the complications have also reduced.
In 1981, IVF was successfully used for the first time in the United States. In vitro fertilization has resulted in the birth of over 4 million babies around the world. “In vitro fertilization (IVF) allows infertile couples to have a biologically related infant. For a woman’s Fallopian tubes are blocked, seriously impaired, or absent, IVF is normally the treatment of choice. Infertility caused by endometriosis or sperm problems may also be treated with IVF (such as low sperm count). IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) is an option for couples that are unable to conceive and have attempted other infertility treatments (such as intrauterine insemination) that have failed.”- Says Dr. Hrishikesh Pai who is working with Bloom IVF, one of the best IVF centres in Mumbai.
Types of infertility where IVF can help
Primary and secondary infertility are the two types of infertility.
- Primary infertility- It is described as a couple’s inability to become pregnant after one year of unprotected sexual intercourse with no birth control measures (regardless of the cause).
- Secondary infertility- It refers to a couple who has previously conceived together but is unable to conceive a child. Around 10% of men and women of reproductive age suffer from secondary infertility.
In vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and other assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) are procedures that help a woman become pregnant in both the cases. However your specialist will decide if it is the right treatment option for you.
How Effective Is In Vitro Fertilization?
Age: Any woman who is still ovulating can try IVF, but the chances of success decrease as she gets older. Women under the age of 35 have the best chance of succeeding with this method.
Multiple births: Approximately 63 percent of women who use IVF to have a live birth have single infants, 32 percent have twins, and 5% have triplets or more.
Reduction of the need for surgery: If a woman uses IVF, she does not need to have her Fallopian tubes surgically removed. The IVF technique is thought to have cut the number of such surgeries in half.
Safety: In vitro fertilization appears to be healthy, according to studies. A review of nearly 1,000 children conceived using these techniques in five European countries showed that the children were as healthy as children conceived spontaneously from birth to age five. Other studies, on the other hand, have discovered a significantly higher incidence of genetic abnormalities in children born by assisted reproductive technologies.
Furthermore, adverse effects during pregnancy and the perinatal phase are more common in IVF-assisted pregnancies. The fact that a higher proportion of IVF pregnancies require multiple gestations accounts for some or all of this increased risk. However, singleton pregnancies resulting from IVF have a slightly higher risk of complications, which could be linked to the parents’ age or the underlying factors that contributed to infertility and the need for IVF.
What Are the Complications and Risks of IVF?
Any surgical procedure, such as the egg retrieval procedure required for IVF, carries a small risk. Bleeding, inflammation, and damage to the bowel or other organs in the region are all possibilities.
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is a risk associated with the drugs used for stimulation (OHSS). OHSS is seen in some people who take ovaries-stimulating drugs, and it affects up to 10% of women who have IVF. The signs and symptoms can be mild to severe. A woman can experience bloating, mild pain or cramping, and weight gain in mild cases. Excessive weight gain (over 10 pounds in a few days, for example), shortness of breath, and extreme abdominal pain or swelling characterize severe cases. Severe cases can necessitate hospitalization. Rest, hydration, and avoiding strenuous exercise are all part of the treatment. If the loop is completed, OHSS typically resolves on its own.
The cycle may be cancelled in some cases if a woman does not react well to the drugs and an insufficient number of follicles are developed or matured. No eggs are recovered if this happens.