Common child health issues and tips

A parent’s biggest concern is the health and safety of their child. However, every child tends to fall ill at some point in their life. As they grow old and their bodies evolve, they attract common illnesses and problems. Needless to say, any parent would be worried to find their child sick and unhealthy. Nonetheless, an illness is a common phenomenon that can be fixed with care and nourishment. It is important to learn and stay aware of common health issues that affect children in order to deal with them. 

In this article, Dr Shreya Dubey, a leading paediatrician at the CK Birla Hospital, the best child care hospital in Gurgaon, talks about the common health issues in children and offers expert-advice and tips to deal with these issues. 

Health issues in children – 1 to 5 years

The early years of a child are the most important ones. These years are the foundation or basis for developing a healthy future. These are also the years when children are at their most vulnerable to develop a variety of illnesses. 

It is, thus, important for parents to know about the most common health issues that affect children in order to learn what to expect. You can learn about issues pertaining to child health care at the CK Birla Hospital, the best child care hospital in Gurgaon. 

Here is a list of common ailments that may affect your young child aged between 1 to 5 years:

Sore Throat

A sore throat is a common bacterial infection. As its name suggests, a sore throat is developed in the form of itchy, sore and scratchy throat. It is highly prevalent in little children, especially in the age group of 1-5 years. A sore throat can cause your child to have difficulty in breathing, painful symptoms, drooling, and even mild to high fever. 

Tips to care for your child: If your child has a sore throat, the first and ideal step you should take is to take them to a verified doctor. A medical practitioner can offer relevant advice and medication to help care for your child. You can visit the CK Birla Hospital, the best child care hospital in Gurgaon to know more. Besides the above, you should offer warm fluids to your child. 

Common cold

Everyone is well aware of what common cold is. It is a viral infection that develops in the upper respiratory tract of a child. Common colds are often a result of changing weather. This illness has a high incidence rate in both children and adults. However, children as young as 1 to 5 years are at a higher risk of being easily affected by cold. Your child may have trouble sleeping, fussiness, nose congestion, vomiting, diarrhea and fever. 

Tips to care for your child: A common cold can translate into a serious illness. No matter how common, these illnesses should not be taken lightly. You must make sure to consult with a qualified paediatrician or general physician. 

If your child is suffering from a common cold – you should let your child rest as much as possible and offer them plenty of fluids. 

Allergies

Allergies in children are common but do not happen to everyone. An allergy is an abnormal reaction of your immune system to mostly harmless substances. Foods, dust, plant pollen, medicines and other substances can lead to the development of allergies in children. Allergies are mostly inherited from parents but they may also occur otherwise. The symptoms of an allergy varies from person to person and from allergen to allergen. You may react differently to a substance while your child may have a completely different reaction. Only a qualified healthcare provider can diagnose allergies. 

Tips to care for your child: If you find that your child has developed an allergy, you should consult with a trusted doctor. The CK Birla Hospital, the best child care hospital in Gurgaon offers a comprehensive approach towards management of various allergies. You should identify triggers and try to prevent your child’s exposure to them. 

Food intolerances

As your child grows up, you will experiment with their food habits and offer a larger variety of products to try. In this process, you will also figure how your child responds to certain foods. While sometimes your child entirely responds on the basis of their mood and taste, other times they develop certain intolerant reactions to specific foods. A food intolerance is your body’s reaction to some ingredient or whole foods. The common symptoms of this illness include bloating, diarrhoea and stomach pain.

Tips to care for your child: If your child shows problematic reactions to certain foods, you should try to avoid offering it to them. Do not try to force your way into feeding them these foods. You should also visit your healthcare as early as possible. 

Gastroenteritis

As mentioned earlier, children are easily vulnerable to developing certain illnesses such as gastric issues. Gastroenteritis is different from food intolerances. While food intolerances are related to reaction to specific certain ingredients, gastroenteritis is a form of infection. It is a common infection that affects the gut health of the child. Gastroenteritis can be a mildly upset stomach or as severe as diarrhoea. 

Tips to care for your child: If your child shows symptoms of gastroenteritis that includes Mild diarrhea, abdominal pain, cramps, vomiting, irritability and poor appetite, you should take your child to the doctor. Besides taking clinical treatment, you should make sure that your little one is properly hydrated. 

Tips to prevent health issues in children

Now that you know what common health issues can impact children, you can easily identify and seek proper care to relieve the symptoms. However, curative steps are not all that is required to maintain a healthy outlook for your child. 

As prevention is better than cure, here are some tips you can follow to help avoid the above given ailments:

  • Choose breastfeeding your child
  • Avoid artificial foods and choose natural substitutes
  • Offer them a colourful nutrition dense diet 
  • Help them stay hydrated 
  • Make sure that they are exercising properly 

For more personalised advice and guidance, book an appointment with Dr Shreya Dubey at the CK Birla Hospital, the best child care hospital in Gurgaon. 

References:

https://www.healthline.com/health/childrens-health#get-active

https://www.stanfordchildrens.org/en/topic/default?id=upper-respiratory-infection-uri-or-common-cold-90-P02966

https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/allergy.html#:~:text=Allergies%20may%20show%20up%20as,threatening%20allergic%20reaction%20called%20anaphylaxis.

https://raisingchildren.net.au/toddlers/health-daily-care/allergy-intolerance/food-intolerances

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