Women’s right to procure safe and lawful abortions is limited in law or practice in certain countries around the world. Indeed, where such abortion is allowed by legislation, women often have extremely restricted exposure to secure abortion services due to lack of adequate legislation, health services, or public commitment. At the very same moment, only a very small number of countries are banning all abortions. Abortion in Malta is not even permitted to save the life of a pregnant woman or if she is the victim of sexual crime.
The following are some rights for abortion around the world:
Abortion rights regarding financial status:
Thirty-five percent of states permit abortion based on the social and financial problems of females. In countries that authorize abortion on financial and cultural grounds, the moral premises are described as referring to whether prolonged pregnancy will impact the current or conceivable conditions of a woman, such as the attainment of the maximum extent possible.
Abortion rights in case of health risks of mother:
Sixty-seven percent of governments encourage mothers to pursue abortion to maintain their health and wellbeing and 64 percent to maintain their general health. Because all WHO member states recognize its statutory definition of health as “a state of full biological, psychological and social well-being and not just a lack of illness or disease,” this is suggested in the understanding of regulations that ban abortion to preserve women’s health.
Rights of abortion regarding fetal impairment:
Fifty percent of nations support abortion on detection of fetal disability. A few countries classify the types of disabilities, including those deemed inconsistent with life or meaningful life, while others have lists of impairments. In certain nations, there is no legal reference to fetal disability; rather, medical security or social causes are defined as including the suffering of a pregnant woman due to a condition of fetal impairment.
Prenatal testing and other clinical treatment tests could be legally denied because a female may decide to end her pregnancy. A woman has the right to know the condition of her pregnancy and to respond to that detail.
Abortion rights based on mothers demand:
Thirty percent of countries make abortion legal at the demand of a pregnant woman. Enabling abortion on demand has arisen as countries that have acknowledged that women pursue abortion on one and sometimes more of the above reasons, and acknowledge all of these as valid, without needing a particular purpose. This legal basis acknowledges the criteria for a woman’s freedom of choice and that the ultimate verdict about whether to continue or end her pregnancy corresponds to a woman on her own.
Abortion rights in case of rape cases:
The security of females from extreme, cruel, and unusual punishment requires that those that have been pregnant from rape or unwanted or coercive sexual acts may legally have accessibility to healthcare services. Fifty-one percent of countries comply with this requirement and allow abortion in particular cases of rape or incest. Many countries allow a woman’s account of the act to the relevant authorities as verification.