Music has its roots from the natural bases specifically the cries of birds and animals. Music later got itself distinguished from speech and started to be looked upon as a different form of art. From the basic practices of imitating the sounds of animals, birds or the sounds that one hear, music has come a long way where it is respected to a level of being worshiped as of the present day. Music basically serves four evident purposes : dance, rituals, entertainment and social cohesion.
Eras of music
- Prehistoric music: Prehistoric music, beginning somewhere in very late geological history more commonly referred as primitive music, is the name given to all music produced in preliterate cultures (prehistory).
- Ancient music : Following the prehistoric music, ancient music spread mainly all throughout Europe. Writing music in cuneiform dating to 3400 years ago was the remarkable inventions during this period. The oldest known songs was written in Ugarit in Syria
- Early music : Early music extended from about 476 AD until the end of the Baroque era in the middle of the 18th century. Early music phase was of classical tradition.
- Western music : In the era of music, the western music phase is the latest frame which holds within it the Medieval music, Renaissance music, Classical and Romantic music.
Music : Growth
The invention and welcoming of the musical instruments took a quite long time. For a much long time, music was confined to producing sounds by mouth, be it human being or animals. All animals have the ability to produce sounds, specifically, the meaningful ones. It is meaningful at least to the one it is being conveyed to or else atleast within a similar community of species.
If a mother emits sounds to soothe a baby, the baby naturally connects to it, attaches to all the emotions within it. Other animals of the same species also might understand to it that a mother is caressing her little one to sleep.
The invention of musical instruments was mostly chance inventions, most of them were not solely dedicated for the cause. Most of the instruments or their design were fabricated from the naturally occurring structures. Only by 1400, development of musical instrument began shining in many areas and was dominated by the Occident (the Western World).
Later during the Classical and Romantic periods of western music, roughly between 1750 to 1900, many new musical instruments were developed. With the advancement in technology, the evolution of traditional musical instruments slowed beginning in the 20th century and the proliferation of electricity led to the invention of new electric instruments, such as electric guitars, synthesizers and the Theremin in these times.
Down the memory lane
Musical practices and conventions perhaps merged among pre-Christian music of the Greeks and later the Romans from the musicians travelling to-and -forth from the West to East. A great wealth of diversity and invention got conveyed by them swapping from one corner to the other.
During the Medieval Period stretching from around 500AD up until the mid-fifteenth century, music was a dominant art in taverns to cathedrals and was usually practised by the esteemed classes of the kingdom, predominantly by the kings to paupers. Due to the development of musical notation, the sound of music became increasingly familiar during this period.
Coming into frame, the Renaissance Period brought with it the development of instruments in accordance with the composer’s imaginations. A full gamut of wind, brass and percussion instruments set up an unimaginably wonderful atmosphere of music following the Medieval music. With the incoming of the musical instruments into the world of music, the entire picture of the music took on to another graph. The Renaissance was a golden period in the history of music. Few great composers of those times like Josquin des Prez went on experimenting 360 degrees around musical meanings.
The Baroque Period marks the beginning of an entirely new spectra into the world of music, that is, the Western Music.houses some of the most famous composers and pieces that we have in Western Classical Music. Right from the Renaissance Period itself Italy, Germany, England and France continue to dominate in these phases owing to development and creation of some of the most important musical instruments. Another remarkable set mark in this period was the growth of the concepts of Opera, anthems, chorales, Oratorio and Cantata.
Stepping next into the Classical Period (1730-1820), it transformed from the polyphonic towards the homophonic (writing music).One key development in this period is that of the Piano and the Chamber music alongside orchestral music which revolutionized the entire scene of music.
Later, the latest ongoing phase of the Romantic Period, encouraged ever more expressive and diverse music with huge developments in the quality and range of many instruments. Musical forms like the Romantic orchestra was a newly served dish in this phase.