An ingrown toenail occurs when the corner of your nail grows into the skin. The big toe is most likely to suffer from ingrown toenail and if not properly treated they can develop complications. If you have an underlying condition, you risk complications if you treat an ingrown toenail infection at home, seek an ingrown toenail doctor for the correct treatment.
Causes of ingrown toenails
Thesecan happen to anybody;older people are at a higher risk of having ingrown toenail because the toenails thicken with age. Other causes include
- Incorrect cutting of the toenails; angling them encouragesthe nail to grow into the skin.
- Curved or irregular toenails.
- Tight footwearthat puts a lot of pressure on the big toes. Thefootwear includes tight stockings or socks and tight shoes.
- Toenail injury,such as dropping a heavy object on your foot, and footballers are at risk due to kicking the ball repeatedly.
- Improper foot hygiene, your feet should be dry and clean.
- Poor posture
- Genetic predisposition.
- Athletic persons are more prone to ingrown toenails. If you are involved in an activity that encourages repeated pressure on your feet such as ballet, kickboxing, football, and soccer. You are more susceptible to damaging the toenails and increase the risk of ingrown toenails.
Symptoms of ingrown toenails
Pain when pressure is placed on the toe.
The skin next to the nail swells and becomes hard or tender.
Fluid builds up around the toe.
If there are infections around the ingrown toenail you might experience the following symptoms swollen skin, pain, bleeding, an outgrowth of skin around the toe, and pain.
Diagnosis of ingrown toenail
The podiatrist will conduct a physical exam, which will most likely determine the ingrown toenail. If the doctor suspects infections or severe conditions they might request an x-ray to show how deep the nail is growing.
Ingrown toenail pain treatment
If you are looking for expert advice on ingrown toenail treatment, you may want to seek help from a Houston podiatrist. Feel free to contact our office to make an appointment for your ingrown toenail problems. Our foot specialist, Dr. Ejodamen Shobowale can offer you the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Yes, you can try some home remedies for your ingrown toenails. Home remedies should be done for a few weeks and if the pain worsens or you notice signs of infection seek medical attention.
Soak the foot in warm water for about 20 minutes at least three times a day.
Push the toenail edge way from the skin by placing a cotton ball soaked in olive oil between the nail and the skin.
Use over-the-counter medicine to relieve the pain. Tylenol is one such medicine.
Apply topical antibiotic cream or steroid creams to prevent infection.
Ingrown toenail removal Houston
There are surgical proceduresthat partially remove the nail piece that digs into the skin. The ingrown toenail specialistnumbs the toe and the partial removal of the nail is effective in preventing future ingrown toenails.
During the procedure, the edges of the nail are cut away so that they are completely straight and a cotton piece is placedunder the remaining portion of the nail. This keeps the toenail from recurring. The doctor might use phenol which keeps the nail from growing back.
Complications of untreated ingrown toenails.
If left untreated the toenail infection can cause spread to the bone in your toe. The infection can lead to open sores or foot ulcers and disruptblood flow to the infected areas causing tissue death or tissue decay. If you have an underlying health condition such as diabetes the foot infections can be risky.
If you suffer from ingrown toenails due to genetic predisposition and they keep coming back or they appear at once in multiple toes the doctor can recommend full or partialmatrixectomy.
- Wear proper-fitting socks, tights, or shoes.
- Always trim your toes straight cross without curving the edges.
- Avoid cutting toenails too short.
- If you work in hazardous conditions wear steel-toe boots.
After surgery, your toe will bebandaged, but you will need to keep your foot raised. Limit your movement andwear footwear that will help your feet to heal well.