How Does a Heat Pump Work? Everything You Need to Know

Do you have an air conditioner? A refrigerator? Then, you have heat pumps in your house.

It’s strange, but a heat pump doesn’t just heat a space: it can also cool it. Why? Because a heat pump uses energy to move heat from one place to another, but it can also work in reverse and spread cold air.

How does a heat pump work? Keep reading to learn more!

What is a Heat Pump?

A heat pump is an electrical device that uses energy to extract heat from one space and move it to another. It operates on the basic principle known as heat transfer, which removes the need to burn fuel to generate heat from the equation.

How Does a Heat Pump Work?

The way a heat pump works depends on the model you buy.

An air-source heat pump (or air-air heat pump) removes heat from the air and then pumps it using refrigerant-filled coils, fans, and a compressor. The pump also has a reversing valve, which allows it to cool the space by absorbing the warm air in the space and sending it back out the other way.

It keeps going until the space attains the appropriate temperature.

However, a geothermal heat pump works differently. It takes the heat from the ground and transfers it indoors through buried pipes filled with a refrigerant or water. A ground-source heat pump may be open-loop or closed-loop. A closed-loop system sees the refrigerant circulating through a closed system of pipes. When it’s an open-loop system, the water used as a coolant gets returned to a well or man-made lake, where the pump extracts the heat from the water and starts again.

Other types of heat pumps include the absorption heat pump, mini-split heat pump, reverse cycle chiller, and All_Climate pump.

What’s the Lifespan of a Heat Pump?

Heat pumps are a critical component of heating and cooling indoor spaces, so how long does a heat pump last?

The average heat pump life span is 10-15 years when it receives the appropriate maintenance.

Older heat pumps tend to have shorter lifespans in comparison to the latest models.

You will notice when your aging heat pump is ready to go out of commission. It will become less efficient and require more frequent repairs.

If you want to save money on your energy bills and your heat pump is more than ten years old, it may be time for an upgrade. You can save up to 20% on the cost of heating and cooling when you update an old heat pump and replace it with a new model.

Is It Time to Replace Your Heat Pump?

How does a heat pump work? It’s the difference between a temperate home climate and sweating it out during the summer.

You might think we don’t need heat pumps in Arizona, but these devices are critical for both heating and cooling. When your heat pump begins to age, its efficiency falls and your energy and repair bills grow.

Are you ready for more real estate tips and info? Don’t forget to tune into The Arizona Report’s Arizona Real Estate Podcast for more great content!

About RJ Frometa

Head Honcho, Editor in Chief and writer here on VENTS. I don't like walking on the beach, but I love playing the guitar and geeking out about music. I am also a movie maniac and 6 hours sleeper.

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