More than 30 million Americans have diabetes and another 84.1 million have prediabetes that can turn into diabetes within 5 years. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes or know someone who has, you may wonder what happens to your body.
What happens if you have diabetes? Your body will go through changes and you may notice some new symptoms.
What Is Diabetes?
When you have diabetes, your pancreas no longer makes insulin or your body has problems using insulin to breakdown food.
We eat to get energy. The enzymes in your pancreas turn food into glucose. Insulin moves this glucose to our cells.
There are two kinds of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.
Type 1 is insulin-dependent, and you need to take insulin to live. Your body is attacking the insulin-producing cells, so your body cannot make insulin.
Type 2 is often the result of poor diets, exercise habits, and poor lifestyle. With type 2 diabetes, your pancreas does not use insulin effectively. The body cannot pull blood sugar to get it to the cells for energy.
High or Low Blood Sugar
Because you are not producing enough insulin and getting glucose to your cells, your blood sugar can get too high or too low. High blood sugar causes people to be in a fog and have extreme thirst and hunger.
Low blood sugar may make you feel confused or have a hard time concentrating. You may also break out in a sweat, or in extreme cases, pass out from lack of energy.
Weight Gain or Loss
When your blood sugar is low, you may start consuming everything in sight due to extreme hunger. Eating this extra food can cause you to gain weight. Some people may even lose weight because their bodies cannot properly convert food into energy, and the extra glucose is eliminated through urine.
Your blood sugar can fluctuate with diabetes. This can cause you to feel extremely tired and exhausted. It’s important to eat something like nuts or granola bars to help restore your energy.
If your blood sugar is high, it can cause your kidneys to filter more blood, which takes a toll on these filters. People with diabetes can have overworked kidneys, which can lead to kidney failure.