We take health for granted and don’t understand the value of health. But sometimes when life puts us in a situation where we have to make one of the most critical decisions of our life, we come to know the real worth of health. Unfortunately, to save a life, sometimes an individual has to remove one of the body’s very vital part and hysterectomy is one of such surgeries that we are going to talk about.
What is hysterectomy?
To begin with, hysterectomy is one of the surgical procedures that is carried out to remove the uterus. This surgery leads to an inability to conceive, bear babies besides ending menstruation.
Myomectomy, means a surgical removal of uterine leiomyomas, also called fibroids.
Types of Hysterectomy:
Hysterectomy could be divided into four main categories.
Partial hysterectomy. In this procedure, the uterus is removed.
Total/complete hysterectomy. This procedure results in the removal of uterus as well as cervix
Total hysterectomy including bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. This procedure includes the removal of uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes and ovary.
Radical hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. This procedure results in the removal of uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, ovary, the upper portion of the vagina including surrounding tissues and lymph nodes.
Some Salient Features:
Before the procedure is carried out, the patient generally is administered with the local or general anesthesia. An experienced surgeon is highly suggested to carry out this procedure because he has to remove the uterus through an incision into the vagina or abdomen region. The procedure prescribed for different patients varies according to their condition and needs. The duration of the surgery as such varies from one hour to three hours.
Hysterectomy just like other major surgeries takes a good deal of time to recover. Patients have to stay at hospitals for post-surgical treatment following the surgery. Normally it is recommended to take complete bed rest from four to eight weeks following the surgery depending on the patient’s condition and procedure.
Post-surgery physical changes:
The most prominent physical change after hysterectomy is that the patients don’t have a menstrual cycle anymore. Bloated feelings mixed with light vaginal bleeding could also be experienced by the patients for about four to six weeks. Hormones related side effects, however, are nonexistent in the patients who don’t have to undergo ovary removal procedure.
Patients with ovary removed might experience some signs and symptoms related to menopause including hot flashes. Other common physical changes around the incision area for four to six weeks may include discomfort, bruising and swelling.
Hysterectomy surgery may result in skin bruising which is something quite normal. The bruising changes color from green to blue in the beginning and orange to yellow at the end over some time. The bruising time followed by the healing time varies from patient to patient which could last up to eight weeks.
The bruising and swelling are normally a result of blood vessels that burst up and may build up under the patient’s skin. The phenomenon is normally referred to as a hematoma. The patient must consult her surgeon should the bruises last more than six/eight weeks.
Bruising is not something to be worried about. It’s something natural or may be taken as a natural sign of healing. It’s a part of the healing process. Other natural signs of the normal healing process may include burning of the skin, slight numbness, swollen abdomen area around incision, skin irritation surrounding incision area, besides scarring by the incision area.
Some warning signs:
Some of the possible signs of complication and infection may include:
High fever varying up to 101 plus degrees
Burning sensation during urination
Draining from and around the incision area