Fact: the first rifle was used in 1364. Since then, the use of firearms has spread from Europe to almost every continent on the globe. Do you have a rifle at home?
If so, then you’ll know that they get dirtier the more that you use them. For those that don’t want their gun to break at the range, it’s super important to keep your gun clean. Here’s how to clean rifle parts so they keep working for longer!
Rifle Cleaning Steps
When it comes to purchasing a rifle, the cleaning process isn’t necessarily as fun as hitting your target in the woods. However, it’s still an essential part of your next hunting trip. Have you purchased a gun cleaning kit yet?
If so, then you should open it up and see what’s inside. Although the contents vary, most gun cleaning kits will contain things like:
A gun cleaning rod
A bore snake
Several bore brushes
Thought we were done yet? Luckily for you, we’re just getting started. In addition to everything that we’ve mentioned above, you should also check your gun kit for the following:
A handy all-in-one tool
A cleaning rag
A barber brush
Want to take your gun cleaning to the next level? Do yourself a favor and buy some specially made microfiber rags for gun fanatics. Better yet, grab an old tee shirt from your drawer to get the same effect. And don’t forget to get an underbed gun safe.
In addition, we highly recommend that you use a protective gun cleaning mat to make sure that your workspace is nice and tidy. For those that are ready to get started, the first thing that you’re going to want to do is unload your rifle!
More Gun Cleaning Advice
Craving more gun cleaning advice? Look no further. For starters, you need to take the detachable magazine off of your rifle.
Next, open up the action on your gun to get a closer look at its chamber and magazine. If your gun has a fixed magazine, then this is the best way to double-check that your gun is unloaded. Now, it’s time to remove your ammunition form the chamber or the magazine of your gun.
Once you’ve got that down, you can keep these particular rifle parts separate until you’re finishing cleaning your firearm. Have you finished this step yet? Then there’s no harm in making sure that your rifle is unloaded one final time.
For those that are unsure, the amount of dirt, dust, and grime that you’re going to be able to remove from your rifle depends on what kinds of conditions it has gone through. A great example is a routine trip to the gun range where only a few non-corrosive rounds of ammo were fired.
If that’s the case, then you can probably get away with performing a standard routine gun cleaning. On the other hand, you should definitely give your rifle a good cleaning if you’ve just gotten back from a super long hunting trip. Did you use corrosive ammo on your trip?
Then it doesn’t hurt to get your rifle even cleaner than it was before you went out of town. In order to do so, you’re going to want to keep your bolt action rifle clean regularly. But here’s the kicker: performing a routine cleaning on your firearm is much easier than you’d think.
The craziest part is that you don’t even have to take your gun apart to the extent that the manufacturer recommends. Sounds simple to us! When you have exclusive range of rifles for long-distance shooting then you need to take extra care of them.
How to Do a Routine Gun Cleaning
Curious about how to do a routine gun cleaning? Join the club. If you’ve got already got your rifle lying on your workshop table, then you’re one step ahead of the game.
For those that are using a bolt action rifle, you’re going to have to remove the bolt on your gun first. That’s because you need to remove the magazine or open the magazine’s floor plate. But here’s the catch: it’s super easy to do this yourself.
If you’ve never removed the bolt on your own before, then you should probably study up on your rifle manual before you get your hands dirty. Once you’ve done that, then you can use a barber brush to get all of the dirt and debris off of the exterior of your firearm. Why use a barber brush?
The answer is simple: using a barber brush is the best way to clean all of the hard-to-reach areas that your gun cleaning rag just can’t reach. For example, you can spray your gun cleaning solvent onto the barrel of your rifle. Alternatively, you can soak a patch in solvent and push it through the barrel as well.
Pro tip: make sure that you’re pushing the gun patch from the chamber to the muzzle. The next step is to leave the firearm alone for a few minutes. After some time has passed, you can stick the bore guide into the barrel to ensure that its throat doesn’t get damaged.
Now, you can put your cleaning rod into the barrel of your rifle. While you’re waiting for the solvent to clean out your barrel, you can put a little bit of cleaning solvent onto your gun rag. That way, you can pass the time by wiping down the bolt of your firearm!
Additional Routine Gun Cleaning Tips
Are you in the mood for additional routine gun cleaning tips? Coincidentally enough, so are we. Let’s pick up where we left off: wiping down your rifle.
Although this might seem like a good time to space out, it’s actually the opposite. So, you should definitely take special care when cleaning the extractor and the bolt face. Using a toothbrush, clean all of the nooks and crannies that surround the extractor of your bolt action rifle.
Once you’ve finished cleaning the face of the bolt, you can pour your gun cleaning solvent onto the appropriately sized bore brush. However, you shouldn’t put your bore brush directly into your gun cleaning solvent at this time.
Moving forward, push your bore brush through the barrel of your gun several times in a row. Not sure how this helps? Surprisingly, this is a wonderful way to loosen the copper or lead fouling within the barrel of your rifle.
Bonus points for inserting the rod of your bore brush from its breach through the bore guide. Now that you’ve taken care of that, you have to remember to push your bore brush completely through your gun barrel until it peeks out through the muzzle. Only then should you pull it back to repeat the process.
After you’ve completed this step, you can stick a couple of gun patches into your gun barrel to remove all of the loose copper and lead fouling. While you’re doing this, make sure that you’re pushing the patches all the way from the gun chamber to the gun muzzle. Amazingly, all you have to do is repeat this process until your patch comes out spotless.
Keep in mind that it’s very common for the first few gun patches to look filthy. Have no fear – that’s totally normal!
Final Routine Gun Cleaning Steps
Ready for the final routine gun cleaning steps? We’ll finish it up together. Once you get a clean gun patch from your rifle, then you should soak a patch in a little bit of oil to stick down the barrel.
For those that are scratching their heads, it really doesn’t have to be that confusing. By sticking a lightly greased gun patch down the barrel of your rifle, you’re protecting it from rusting later on down the road. Now, grab your bore snake and pass it through your barrel for a few more times.
When you’re finished with that part, you can use your cleaning solvent to spray onto your gun cloth. Using a damp microfiber rag, thoroughly clean every single metal part of your rifle that you can get to, such as:
The rest of the bolt on your rifle.
The bolt tracks on your rifle.
The magazine of your rifle.
The floorplate of your rifle.
The exterior of the barrel on your rifle.