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All you need to know about Bariatric Surgery

What is Bariatric practice?

Bariatric is a word coined in 1965 which when translated means, pertaining to weight treatment. It is a branch of medical study that deals with obesity, causes and treatments. Obesity is a phenomena and a serious health hazard growing in ratios and numbers, all over the world. Individuals as young as 4 or 5 years old are suffering from obesity. This can be due to drastic lifestyle changes in this fast paced world.

The growing concern of Obesity:

Obesity can affect physical and mental well-being. It can occur not just due to unhealthy lifestyle, but other problems related to genetics, hormones, and body development. There are many ways to deal with obesity ranging from diet, exercise, and even surgeries, depending on the severity of the condition. Overweight issues can lead to many problems, such as physical and medical deterioration. Heart problems, Cancer, Diabetes, Sleep problems, muscular degeneration are all examples of problems that can arise if a person is overweight or obese. One of the methods to curb obesity is bariatric surgery, which is undergone only if every other fails to meet a desired result. Weight loss through surgery does offer long term satisfaction and also improves quality of life. There are many services in number of hospitals for this surgery and are provided by some of the best bariatric surgeons in India.

What is Bariatric surgery?

Bariatric is a field which looks into all of the factors such as diet, exercise, therapies, and surgeries related to weight loss. The surgery is done on the stomach or intestines and helps an individual lose a lot of weight. This is an option available only if an Individual has BMI (Body mass index) of 40 and above. It can also be an option for those individuals with type 2 diabetes or heart conditions with a BMI ranging from 35 to 40.

The two basic types of bariatric surgeries are:

  1. Restrictive Surgeries- This is done by restricting the stomach size and slowing the process of digestion.

  2. Malabsorptive Surgeries – More invasive where you don’t just restrict stomach size, but you also remove some parts of the digestive tracts so that calories absorption is disrupted.

The fundamental aim of this surgery is to ensure that the amount of food the stomach can hold is less, thereby causing weight loss and malabsorption of nutrients. This method can cause several changes in the body, such as hormonal changes, etc. There are many kinds of procedures followed in bariatric surgeries which are generally non-invasive, at least in recent times.

Some of the procedures are:

  1. Sleeve Gastrectomy

  2. Gastric band adjustment

  3. Gastric bypass

  4. Biliopancreatic diversion with Duodenal Switch

  5. Laparoscopic surgery

The most popular among these surgeries are bypass and sleeve gastrectomy. Adjustment of the band has become less effective compared to other procedures and hence is opted by very few. After the surgery, blood pressure falls, sleep apnea disappears and so does acid refluxes. People also are relieved of Diabetes. And helps people lead a healthier life for a longer period of time.

About RJ Frometa

Head Honcho, Editor in Chief and writer here on VENTS. I don't like walking on the beach, play guitar, music geek, movie maniac and 6 hours sleeper.

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